Varicose veins are the visible consequence from Superficial Chronic Venous Insufficiency (SVI), which affects how the venous valves work.
The venous valves are elastic flaps of tissue that open and close in alternation to let blood flow back to the heart.
When the venous valves malfunction, at a celular level the quantity of oxigen that tissues receive is reduced (Hypoxia), which in turn releases noxious substances for the venous walls, such as hyaluronidase and elastase.
Hyaluronidase can make “holes” on the our blood vessel walls. Elastase degrades them, making the blood vessels stiff and frail.
Due to the damage caused by these two substances, blood vessels present and increase in permeability, structural damage, and swelling which result in the weakening of the venous walls.
This causes the blood to accumulate at the venous valves and, due to the pressure, varicose veins start to appear. The abnormal blood flow creats an additional preassure and starts to affect other venous valves.
The most common symptoms associated with varicose veins are:
- A feeling of heavyness
- Spiderlike veins
- Pricking sensation
What causes varicose veins?
First of all, there is the hereditary risk factor, which implies a genetic predisposition to develop vascular conditions on your legs.Other additional risk factors that increase the likelyhood of vascular problems in the legs are:
- Obesity or body weight swing.
- Sensación de pesadez.
- Wrong posture
- Standing or sitting for long periods of time.
- Consumption of oral contraceptives.
- Hormonal substitution therapy.
Who are affected by varicose veins?
Between 20% to 30% of adults are affected by Varicose Veins. It’s been observed that it increases with age and women tend to suffer more from it.
Healthy advise from Contravaris®
In his section we will give you some advice so you can keep healthy, beautiful and varicose vein-free legs.
Swimming, cycling, yoga, or regular walks.
Try not staying in the same position for prolonged periods of time, be it standing or sitting.
- If you are standing: Try putting the weight of your body on one leg at a time.
- If you have to sit for a long time: Extend your legs and rotate your ankles as many times as possible. Try not crossing your legs.
- While sleeping: Try to sleep with your legs higher than your head.
Try not to use clothes that are too tight.
Reduce the intake of sugar, excesive amounts of proteins and animal fat. Also try reducing the amount of salt.
- Treat constipation if needed.
- Keep a healthy body weight.